India’s mammoth general election: factbox
New Delhi: India’s mammoth parliamentary election will start on April 7, authorities announced on Wednesday, kicking off a race that pits BJP’s Narendra Modi against the Nehru-Gandhi family’s ruling Congress party.
Here are the key highlights:
– Roughly 814.5 million people are registered to vote, an increase of more than 100 million since the last parliamentary election in 2009. In other words, India has added a population greater than that of the Philipines to its voter rolls in five years.
– Of those, over 23 million are between 18 to 19 years old. A surge in enrollment in this age group means they now constitute 2.88 percent of total voters, against 0.75 percent in 2009.
– Election dates in parliamentary constituencies were set taking into consideration extreme summer heat, monsoon rains, harvest seasons, religious festivals and most importantly, school exams. Most polling stations are placed in schools.
– Voters will cast their ballots in about 930,000 polling stations, an increase of nearly 12 percent since 2009.
– For the first time in a general election, voters will have a “None of the Above” option on the ballot papers and electronic voting machines. The option was brought in last year in response to activist groups who said voters were too often forced to choose between several candidates with criminal backgrounds.
– To curb “the abuse of money power” during the elections, “flying squads” and static surveillance teams will guard against the distribution of cash or other bribes to voters. Committees will also keep their eyes peeled for illegal election advertisements and politically funded stories planted in the media.
– The income tax department and the government’s financial intelligence unit have been instructed to keep watch on the movement of cash during elections. In previous elections, political operatives were caught driving with suitcases packed with cash in their car trunks.
– The Election Commission will monitor production, storage and distribution of liquor during elections. Indian political parties are notorious for handing out alcohol and even prescription medication as bribes to voters.
– Transgender persons can mark their gender as “Others” on the electoral rolls, a category that did not exist in 2009. 28,314 voters have listed their gender in this way.
– Booth officers will do door to door surveys to prepare a list of voters found absent at their home in an effort to prevent impersonation. Dead voters and those who have moved from their homes will be added to a list to check against the rolls to ensure no foul play on voting day.
© Thomson Reuters 2014